|Gertrude Stein (center) with the Cone Sisters|
I can’t remember when I first knew about Gertrude Stein and her writing. It was a very long time ago and I think I must have seen her name in a book about Picasso. (The literary and artistic circles of post WWI Paris grab me every time).
I started by reading Stein's The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas and loved every word of it. This was the art world, Paris and gossip of the era all rolled into one.
A Little Info
I won't even pretend to tell you much about Gertrude Stein because I'm no biographer. But.....if you aren't familiar with her......Gertrude was born in Pennsylvania in 1874. She moved to Paris, 27 rue de Fleurus in 1903, living first with her brother Leo, and later with Alice, her lifelong companion. She remained in Paris until her death in 1946 and is buried in the Père Lachaise cemetery. (Alice was also buried in Père Lachaise near Gertrude. It's interesting to note that Alice's name is carved on the back of Gertrude's headstone).
The Art Collection
|Picasso's Gertrude Stein|
Stein’s influences came from Cubism and the art world she loved. Although I absolutely devoured The Autobiography, Wars I Have Seen, and Paris, France, I can’t say I enjoy Gertrude’s other writings. I know she was a modern, and “a rose is a rose is a rose” is interesting, but I just can’t seem to get through an entire book.
|Studio at 27 rue de Fleurus|
The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas was written by Gertrude (which in itself is funny). The book caused a lot of hard feelings as she seemed to be "truth challenged". There was a Testimony Against Gertrude Stein published by six artists/writers mentioned in the book. Hemingway thought it was trash, Matisse was offended, Braque thought she didn’t understand Cubism and Leo, her brother, said it was full of lies. Exactly! That’s what makes a best seller! And a best seller it was it was it was! She wrote it to make money (which it did), but she didn’t consider it an artistic achievement (which, I guess, it wasn’t). Still, it’s wonderful reading.
I think I would have liked Gertrude and Alice. They were funny, they loved art and literature and, of course, Paris.
We visited 27 rue de Fleurus. It doesn't look like much outside, but with a little imagination, you can picture what and who were inside. (The French are so great at marking places of historical interest).
My favourite Stein Quotes:
- A house in the country is not the same as a country house.
- A vegetable garden in the beginning looks so promising and then after all little by little it grows nothing but vegetables, nothing, nothing but vegetables.
- America is my country and Paris is my hometown.
- Everybody gets so much information all day long that they lose their common sense.
- I do want to get rich but I never want to do what there is to do to get rich.
- I like a view but I like to sit with my back turned to it.
There are volumes written on the Steins and their life in Paris. I think I’ve read most of them. A few recommendations:
- The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, Gertrude Stein
- Paris, France, Gertrude Stein
- Correspondence of Picasso and Gertrude Stein
- Everybody Who Was Anybody: Gertrude Stein and Her World, Janet Hobhouse
- Picasso and Gertrude Stein by Vincent Giroud
- Charmed Circle: Gertrude Stein and Company by James R. Mellow
- Four Americans in Paris: The Collections of Gertrude Stein and Her Family by Douglas Cooper
- Walks in Gertrude Stein's Paris by Mary Ellen Haight
- Gertrude Stein: In Words and Pictures by Renate Stendhal
- The Cone Sisters of Baltimore: Collecting at Full Tilt by Ellen B. Hirschland and Nancy Hirschland Ramage
- Shakespeare and Company (Second Edition) by Sylvia Beach
- A Moveable Feast, Ernest Hemingway